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Pinus resinosa 


Pinus resinosa, commonly called red pine, is a conical, straight-trunked, evergreen conifer with horizontal to ascending branching and an oval to rounded crown. It typically grows to 50-80’ (less frequently to 125′) tall. It is native from Newfoundland to Manitoba south to Minnesota, Wisconsin, Michigan, Pennsylvania and New York. It is typically found on hills, slopes, ridges and plains, often in sandy soils. Common name of red pine is in reference to the tree’s bark which is red tinged from crown to base. Sharply-pointed, yellow-green to dark green needles (4-6″ long) in bundles of two are soft but brittle (snap crisply when bent). Ovoid female seed cones (to 2 1/2″ long) mature to chestnut brown in the second year. Cone scales lack prickles. This is the State Tree of Minnesota where it is commonly known as Norway pine. Red pine has been commercially used for pulpwood and structural timber.

↑ 25 m 80’)  ↔  5 m  (15’)

Zone 3 ☼